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ANALYSIS OF THE NATIONAL SYSTEM OF COUNTERACTION TO NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF THE MEDIA ON THE FORMATION OF VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF YOUTH (ON THE EXAMPLE OF CADETS OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE FSIN OF RUSSIA)
Authors: Kareeva, Irina V; Ivanova, Olga V
Keywords: media, Internet, students, extremism, educational institutions FSIN of Russia, formation of valuable orientations of students of universities of the Federal penitentiary service of Russia
the article considers the influence of the media and the Internet for young people and students of universities of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, in particular. Changes in the value orientations of the person arising in connection with open access to the Internet information network that bears negative. Actively form the national system to counter the negative effects of media Ithaca negative phenomena as extremism and terrorism and its ideology by working with young people is not only the special services and law enforcement authorities, but also civil society. Higher education institutions and educational organizations in Russia, including FSIN, have significant potential to address this issue. Formation of valuable orientations at students in higher education institutions FSIN of Russia is carried out by educational activity — through the content of the training courses and extracurricular activities — in the content of educational activities. The important role the authors assign media education in high school, during training that cadets should develop immunity information. At the final stage of training students should not only be able to search and select the desired information, but also to critically evaluate it, to realize multiple risk factors to develop the ability to confront the negative effects of the media.
IMPLEMENTATION MECHANISMS OF LEGISLATIVE AND NORMATIVE BASICS FOR YOUTH POLICY: CONDITION AND METHODOLOGY
Author: Miraliyon, Qiyomiddin Abdusalimzoda
Keywords: youth, youth policy, strategic planning, mechanism, normative documents
In the article are considerate general issues of the strategic planning and implementation mechanisms of youth policy to the international level and some country of the World. There are analyzed the basic conceptual measures and programing mechanisms of the state policy for youth in the Republic of Tajikistan. There are offered some methodology measures for the improvement of position of development and implementation of normative measures in context of development of youth policy.
FEATURES OF STATE-BUILDING AND RIGHTS OF EMPIRE JUCHIDS («GOLDEN HORDE»)
Authors: Nabiev, Rustam Fanisovich; Abdulganeev, Renat R; Nabieva, Zemfira Rustamovna
Keywords: State and Law, the Golden Horde, the state Juchids empire, XIV century, the North-Eurasian world system (ÑÅÌÑ), writing, state building process, the rate pedigree Chinggisids, Bulgarian-Bulgar community, Bulgaro-Khorezm economic tandem, patchwork, enclaves, province of China, a contract, a label, Grand Duchy of Moscow, the Great Mongol empire, cossack captain, amanat, prison, tamga
The article describes some of the features of statehood «Golden Horde.» Exploring the establishment of the state as the Empire Juchids authors consider it as the form and stage of development of the North-Eurasian world system (SEMS). This allowed them to identify a number of long-term patterns and some special features of the development. Among the features are taken into account: the role of writing in the process of state building, the question of the «Golden Horde» status, the importance of the female line ancestry Chinggisids, the role of the Bulgarian-Bulgarian culture and Bulgaro-Khorezm economic tandem. The article describes a system of land distribution in the Ulus IUI, and for the first time indicated the modern name of China»s counties, in which acted Ulus Jochi administration. Reconstructed some of the provisions of standard contracts khans with their vassals.
THE PRINCIPLE OF RESPONSIBILITY WITHOUT GUILT IN THE CONTEXT OF TYPES OF LAW: A THEORETICAL ANALYSIS
Authors: Okriashvili, Timur Giorgievich; Yakupov, Albert Gumarovich
Keywords: Law, private law, principle of law, positive law, natural law
This research paper aims to study and analysis of the principle becvinovski responsibility from the point of view of positivism and natural law. Categories such as «guilt», «responsibility», «strict liability» will be considered relative to civil-law relations and its institutions, whereas the public law sector will not become the subject of study. The significance of this work lies in the fact that the author first, in terms of forms of law is considered civil law, the principle that makes science work is not only useful for the theory of law, but also necessary to the study for practitioners. The work is a theoretical analysis of the principle becvinovski responsibility of entrepreneurs in civil law relations, which is an exceptional principle for the law in General. The objectives of this work is to test the accumulated knowledge in the field of theory of law and civil rights in the studied subject, and merge them into a complete work tasks identify the characteristics of principle becvinovski responsibility for the positivists and proponents of natural law.
METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF HISTORICAL AND LEGAL RESEARCH OF CIVIL PROCEEDINGS IN KYRGYZSTAN
Authors: Osmonalieva, Nazikgul Zhetigenovna; Shamilov, Maksat Shamilovich
Keywords: Kyrgyzstan, historical and legal research, civil litigation, civilization, transformation, justice, legal behavior, citizens
This article analyzes the methodological problems of historical and legal research Kyrgyz civil proceedings. As a result, the author shows that the origin and evolution of the Kyrgyz justice long historical time is determined primarily by civilizational features of the Kyrgyz ethnic group and its nomadic culture, and concludes that these features are now manifested in the transformation of the judicial system in Kyrgyzstan, and so on. d.
THEORETICAL AND LEGAL BASES OF RESEARCH CIVIL PROCEEDINGS IN KYRGYZSTAN
Authors: Osmonalieva, Nazikgul Zhetigenovna; Shamilov, Maksat Shamilovich
Keywords: Kyrgyz, common law legal system, the traditional environment of the people
In this article of the study of theoretical and legal foundations of civil procedure of the Kyrgyz Republic. It identified and justified that the main part of the history of the Kyrgyz people flowed out of state forms of life that could not affect fundamentally on its entire system of law and legal culture.
SOME ISSUES OF CADASTRAL VALUE OF REAL ESTATE VALUATION
Author: Melnikov, Victor Y
Keywords: the cadastral value of land, land taxation, cadastral valuation of real estate
In the article the urgent and important problems that arise with the need for cadastral valuation of land, real estate. Professional valuers should approach a possible cadastre valuation process with commonly agreed positions. The question of methodology of cadastral appraisal of real estate left open. On this question there are very few publications in the scientific and valuation literature, and the practice of cadastral assessment is not covered in the literature, as it were, for example, in pre-revolutionary Russia. Now the whole appraisal community needs to focus on the development of standards for cadastral valuation of real estate.
MAN AND THE LAW. FROM THE HISTORY OF THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN»S RIGHTS IN RUSSIA AND THE WORLD COMMUNITY
Authors: Popov, Nikolay Vasilievich; Sulim, Olga Nikolayevna
Keywords: protection of children»s rights, juvenile justice, rights of minor
This article discusses the development of legal legislation to protect children. Protection of the child in all countries of the world governed by law, which is strictly controlled by relevant services of the UN. This paper discusses the development of children»s rights in the Russian Federation within the country and within the framework of international cooperation. As a result of a comparative legal analysis disclosed acute problems that require urgent resolution.
ILLEGAL EMPLOYMENT: CHALLENGES TO PROSECUTE SUBJECTS OF LABOR RELATIONS
Author: Galaeva, Lyudmila
Keywords: employment, illegal employment, employment contract, labor relations, administrative liability, scheduled inspection, unscheduled inspection
The article investigates the issues related to the regulation of administrative — legal responsibility of subjects of labor relations for failure to conclude an employment contract. Readers are invited to the author»s understanding of forms of illegal employment. As a result of the legal analysis of the issue justified by the need to improve existing labor laws relating to the conduct unscheduled inspections.
DETERMINATION OF THE CRIME OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM AT THE PRESENT STAGE
Authors: Lobach, Dmitry Vladimirovich; Smirnova, Eugenia Alexandrovna
Keywords: international terrorism, social anomie, crime, crime determination, the causes of crime, globalization, social conflict
This article explored the causes and conditions for the spread of international terrorism in the twenty-first century. Method of continuous analysis is studied by domestic and foreign special literature on the subject, as well as statistical data on terrorism and social well-being of different countries. It is proved that although globalization creates risks of cross-cultural conflict, but not always determines the spread of terrorism. It is concluded that determination of the crime of international terrorism is not confined solely to socio-economic, political, religious, cultural and other factors, as they are in the model expression does not always cause this phenomenon. In fact criminogenic factors will only to determine international terrorism, when their mutual destructive effect on social relations given the historical, cultural, psychological and informational conditions inherently generates adverse effects in the form of terrorism.
SUBJECTIVE SIGNS OF ORGANIZATION AN ILLEGAL ARMED FORMATION OR PARTICIPATION IN IT (PT. 208 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE)
Author: Melnikov, Andrey Vyacheslavovich
Keywords: the crime, the subject, the subjective party of a crime, an illegal armed formation, goal setting
the article is devoted to criminal law the study of subjective signs of a crime under article 208 of the criminal code (organization of illegal armed formation or participation in it). Changes in the socio-political system of the Russian Federation that occur in society, compel the legislator to amend legislation aimed at combating such phenomena as armed formation, not stipulated by the law. However, according to the author, not all of these changes are aimed at the effective application of the provisions of article 208 of the criminal code. On the basis of the conducted research recommendations aimed at the effective application of this criminal provision.
TO THE QUESTION OF NEW FORMS OF ORGANIZED CRIME AS A REAL THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY RUSSIA
Author: Chattaev, Azamat Ruslanovich
Keywords: Organized crime, extremism, terrorism, corruption, National security
The problem of the state to combat organized crime and ensure public security in the modern world is one of the first places, and its new manifestations in the form of extremist and terrorist groups illegal, as well as emerging corruption structures, pay close attention. In modern Russia, this problem is very acute and poses a real threat to national security. In this regard, increasing the need to study the factors of such manifestations, the adoption of global and preventive measures to detect, prevent and combat crimes committed by extremist and terrorist organizations.
KIDNAPPING: CUSTOM OR CRIME (ACCORDING TO THE MATERIALS OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS FEDERAL DISTRICT)
Author: Shapiev, Ruslan Nurullaevich
Keywords: custom, common law, kidnapping
The nature and specific nature of common right manifestation under the conditions of North Caucasus are considered in the article. It is stressed the role and the importance of common right in spiritual-moral and ethno-social wealth of people living in this region.
SOME PROBLEMS OF USING AN ALIAS IN PRE-TRIAL PROCEEDINGS IN CRIMINAL CASES
Author: Kaats, Maria Evaldovna
Keywords: criminal-procedural measures of security, the alias in the criminal process, protection participants in criminal proceedings, security of person in criminal proceedings
The article is devoted to the investigation of individual problematic issues associated with the use, as a means of defending the participants of criminal procedure alias, in connection with its assistance to the bodies of preliminary investigation. Analyzes the theoretical and also practical and legal issues of the use of alias in the pretrial period of criminal proceedings, on the basis of which proposals are made to improve the existing legislation.
LEGAL ISSUES OF EXPLANATIONS IN THE PROCEDURE OF VERIFICATION OF INFORMATION ON A CRIME
Author: Kadykov, Lev Valerievich
Keywords: criminal procedure, the message of the crime, verification of information on a crime, explanations, proof
The article deals with problematic issues of explanations in the procedure of verification of information on a crime. The author studies the ways of verification of information on a crime and classification of these ways. The author considers the possibility of recognizing the explanations as proof in criminal case.
TOPICAL ISSUES OF APPLICATION OF SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE BY OTHER PARTICIPANTS OF CRIMINAL TRIAL
Author: Latypov, Vadim S
Keywords: criminal procedure, proof, expert person, other participants, special knowledge, indications, expert witness
Article represents the complex analysis of actual problems of the special knowledge arising in criminal trial in case of application by other participants of criminal trial. The author has offered the reasoned changes in the legislation of Russia existing procedurally, including with fixing of the procedural status of the expert witness.
• An object of research — set of the domestic regulations of the criminal procedure legislation regulating application of special knowledge in criminal procedure of Russia.
• The research purpose consists in the analysis of a current state of the criminal procedure legislation regulating application of special knowledge in criminal procedure of Russia, and also in development on this basis of offers and recommendations about use and enhancement of this institute.
• the method or methodology of carrying out work were constituted: a general method of knowledge — materialistic dialectics; general scientific methods — deduction and induction, the analysis and synthesis.
• results of work can be useful to the theory of criminal procedure and law-enforcement practice;
• scope of results: a legal regulation in application of special knowledge by other participants of criminal trial;
• conclusions: need of fixing of the procedural status of the expert witness; inadmissibility of comparison of the teacher, psychologist, auditor with the procedural status of the specialist; lack of a sufficient regulation of production of judicial examination at a decision making stage about initiation of legal proceedings.
MEDIATION AND OTHER NOVEL LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IN THE DRAFT CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
Authors: Shamurzaev, Taalaibek Tursunovich; Mukashova, Samara Abdyzhaparova; Akzhigitova, Asel Ergeshovna
Keywords: court of appeal, the exclusion of inadmissible evidence, the court of cassation, mediation, preliminary hearings, court proceedings in matters of misdemeanors
The article is devoted to the conceptual innovation of court proceedings in the draft Code of Criminal Procedure of the Kyrgyz Republic. The developed project is the result of the judicial reform in the country aimed at overcoming accusatory, more efficient pre-trial and court procedures to ensure due process guarantees to participants in criminal proceedings.
The aim of the study is a comprehensive analysis of the legal proceedings of the Kyrgyz Republic in the draft Code of Criminal Procedure, the development on their basis of scientifically substantiated proposals aimed at improving the legislation and law enforcement practice.
Based on the study and analysis of national criminal procedural law, the draft of the Kyrgyz Republic Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, works scientists experts on procedural law., authors formulated their proposals for the project. The results can be used by the legislator in the discussion and adoption of the new Criminal Procedure Code of the Kyrgyz Republic.
PROBLEMS OF APPLICATION OF THE RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LEGISLATION
Author: Nadyseva, Elvira Hanifovna
Keywords: procedural status, completeness, objectivity, comprehensiveness of research
In the article there is the analysis of the most actual problems of application of criminal procedure law in practice, and it raises the question of the competence of some of the investigators.
THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE ASPECT OF WANTED PERSONS HIDING FROM THE PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION
Author: Hametova, Alice Rasimovna
Keywords: wanted, suspect, accused, investigative measures, the disappeared persons, establishment of convicted
? Objective: to study, generalization and analysis of problems of the theory and practice of problems of search of persons, hiding from the bodies of preliminary investigation.
? Model: the study is based primarily on General scientific methods of cognition of objective reality, when it is executed along with the dialectical method was used and private research methods: sociological, logical, systemic-structural, comparative legal, statistical, analytical and other methods
? Conclusions: in order to address the research problem it is necessary to improve the criminal procedure legislation relating to the formulation of the concept of search activity
? Scope of the study: the formation of legislative initiatives and conducting research
? Practical value: the proposed improvement of criminal-procedural legislation relating to the formulation of actions to improve the procedure for search of persons, hiding from the bodies of preliminary investigation, the order of Declaration in the search of such persons and to facilitate the quality and timely implementation of practical problems faced by law enforcement for search of the disappeared persons
? Social implications: the proposed changes can serve as a guarantee of the rights and freedoms of participants in criminal proceedings, the rule of law procedural activities
? Originality: the proposal to expand the concept of search and investigative measures and amendments to the criminal procedure legislation relating to the inclusion of the suspect, the accused in the list of entities in respect of which investigative measures are taken.
SOME QUESTIONS CERTAIN PHENOMENA «INFORMATION EXTREMISM»
Author: Bzhiev, Roman Borisovich
Keywords: information technology, a change in the social interactions of people, the Internet, mobile phones, satellite television, information censorship
Extremism — one of the most dangerous forms of political, religious and ethnic hatred, which was founded on the idea of violence against people with a different point of view on these or other processes in the world or people from other nationalities. In this regard, extremism is dangerous not only for the existing constitutional order in the country as a whole, but also threatens the security of citizens in particular. Extremism today is a collection of adverse events, which are aimed at the destruction of the world community views on the possibility of maintaining stability in the world on the principles of democracy, respect for the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. Due to the fact that extremism is a difficult and controversial mechanism in the world literature and practice, there are many points of view to this phenomenon. Each year, the social significance of communication and technological content is growing. As a result of the social interaction between people, groups and communities occurs virtualization social space based on the Internet, computer games, etc. Transformations associated with entry into the life of the new information and communication technologies, taking place not only in technologically advanced countries. This process affects most countries in the world, including Russia. As a result, there are changes in the social interactions of people, forms of social organization. Under the influence of informatization process of changing social reality, new forms of social space. The key social technology becomes a global computer network.
TRAINING STAFF OF THE INTERIOR AND REQUIREMENTS FOR THEIR PROFESSIONAL — SIGNIFICANT QUALITIES AT THIS STAGE
Author: Broev, Adam Hautievich
Keywords: physical training, police officers, speed, endurance category
Modern conditions of development of society for the professional level of police officers demanding, in this regard, a special role is given to a competent, mobile and professional staff of internal affairs units serving in extreme conditions, with a high degree of risk. Undoubtedly, mental stability and competent organization performing professional tasks is given a lot of attention, as well as professional-applied physical training of the data. Professional — important qualities may be defined as a special ability personnel, certain functional systems that implement the individual processes of the individual activity. Awareness of the chosen profession is to gain insight into their chosen profession, to merge it into a coherent whole, the profession becomes a part of himself, he brings satisfaction and does not appear a single gram of doubts about the correctness, once the selection. It is in this case the activity of the employee becomes interesting, effective and quality, helping to transfer its complexity. All this makes this quality is not just professionally important and fundamental, underlying the entire STC system, causing constantly improve, expand their horizons and erudition, improve professional skills and to develop border areas of expertise. Without the awareness of and interest in their profession all other professional qualities are not working. Wrong choice of profession turns the inner tragedy and internal conflict, the loss of irreplaceable time and resource worst thing — understanding irretrievably lost part of life, strength and energy. And not everyone can correct or adjust once the admitted mistake and start all over again.
THE MAIN DETERMINANTS OF TERRORISM AND EXTREMISM
Authors: Gelyahova, Leila A; Kumysheva, Marina K
Keywords: extremism, terrorism, death, the teachings of the crime, faithfulness, responsibility
The particular relevance of the topic to counter extremist manifestations is due, above all, the growing number of terrorist acts on the territory of the Russian Federation carried out by radical extremist ideology, an extension of the boundaries of activities and new challenges that put the organizers of extremist movement. Theological foundation of extremism in Russia is, in particular, a common doctrine, which is the embodiment of Wahhabism. It is well known that religious extremism arises where there is the politicization of Islam. It is expressed in the fact that some groups are beginning to consider the Muslims as members of cross-border community of «the faithful» that can be realized within a particular state built entirely and exclusively on the rules of Sharia, that is inclusive of the doctrinal system, ethnic, behavioral, legal and other religious well-founded ( stable) standards.
STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF CUSTOMARY LAW
Author: Goov, Islam Michrailovich
Keywords: customary law, customs, traditions, inter-clan relationships, the genesis of law, adat
In this article the author analyzes the occurrence factors of development and the formation of customary law in the society by the example of the peoples of the North Caucasus.
It reveals the essence of the concept of customary law. Particular attention is paid to the historical development of customary law.
SOME PROBLEMS OF PHYSICAL TRAINING STAFF ATS APPLIED ORIENTATION
Author: Cardanov, Arsen
Keywords: police, physical development, professional-applied physical training, the development of power, speed, motor-coordination skills
Modern conditions of social development make high demands for the various services of the Interior. In this regard, a special role for the competent, mobile and professional staff of Special Forces of internal affairs bodies, engaged in professional detention, maintenance and disarming the perpetrators of the crime. This, in turn, has set certain tasks to special units of law enforcement agencies, level of qualification, physical development, a high degree of mental stability and health of which depends on the organization of scientifically based professional-applied physical preparation.
FEATURES ADMINISTRATIVE VIOLATIONS IN THE SPHERE OF CIRCULATION OF WEAPONS
Author: Kodzokova, Liang Arsenevna
Keywords: administrative offenses, illicit arms trafficking, crime, weapons storage rules
Any offense in the area of arms trafficking is the increased danger. On the one hand, the guilty person through weapons reinforces the illegality or even facilitates the commission of their illegal actions, on the other hand, these activities cause significant harm to individuals and society. Offences related to illicit trafficking in arms (activity without the necessary licenses and permits), for the most part involve criminal responsibility (Article 222 -.. 225 of the Criminal Code, etc.), but some violations in this area is not covered by criminal law. In these cases, the violators shall apply administrative sanctions (for example, when sending weapons, the illicit manufacture of pneumatic weapons, etc.). Specificity of weapons is that it is endowed with certain peculiar features of quality, depending on which branch of law regulates its turnover. Currently, the legal regime of weapons is regulated by several branches of law (civil, administrative, military, criminal, etc.), Each of which considers it based on the specifics of its subject and method, and has its own legal framework, regulating the circulation of arms.
PHENOMENON OF RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISM IN THE PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS
Author: Mashekuasheva, Margarita Hasanbievna
Keywords: extremism, law enforcement, terrorism, preventive work, fundamentalism
Aktualnost this topic due to the same stimulation and ethnic conflicts and religious conflicts, the danger of active intrusion of religion in the social, political and economic life of the North Caucasian republics. One of the main problems of modern Russia is to achieve civil peace and harmony, religious tolerance, combating the spread of Islamic extremism and terrorism, national security. The term «extremism» is derived from the Latin word «Extremus» and translates as «extreme» in the semantic meaning — both extreme views and actions (usually in the policy). The author notes, «Extreme» Extremism is expressed often in the use of force, aggression, banditry, inciting hatred, and so on. N. Let us try to describe briefly the phenomenon of religious revival in Russia [3. pp. 230]. Revitalization and growth of extremism, in most cases, are related to: socio-economic crisis, the deterioration of the living standards of the general population, a totalitarian political regime in which the authorities suppress opposition persecuted dissent.
INTERCONFESSIONAL COOPERATION IN COMBATING EXTREMISM AND TERRORISM
Author: Tengizova, Jeanne A
Keywords: terrorism, national security, civil peace, especially modern
Unfortunately, terrorism is at the forefront in the political history from the late nineteenth century to the present day as the principal means of achieving political goals. The characteristic features of terrorism are violent, brutal, widespread use in relation to the general public. It is necessary to establish the fact that the feature of modernity was the process of merging political terrorism with terrorism, criminal. This is only because the organizers of the terrorist groups and leaders have the primary purpose of obtaining material benefits or access to power, which also takes place by means of enrichment at the expense of criminal activity. In recent years, there is an increasing number of extreme internal and external threats. Knowing the mechanism of action of terrorists into certain groups, law enforcement agencies and special services have the ability to predict tactical moves organizers and terrorist activity performers and, together with the authorities and the public to take measures to apply the appropriate pre-emptive strikes as the activities of the state aimed at protecting public relations from any infringement [5. p. 116]. It is necessary to explore and strive for the development of knowledge of the ideologies promoted by terrorists to determine the real motivation of the method of terror. You must learn to understand the falsity of the alleged terrorists slogans, to monitor the situation in the social networks. It is necessary to carry out preventive work among persons of different social status, support the ideological convictions of terrorists.
GENESIS OF THE CONCEPT OF «TERRORISM» IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE CURRENT PUBLIC
Author: Tutukov, Albert Y
Keywords: terror strategy, criminal phenomenon, genesis, theoretical base
The article focuses on the focus of terrorist violence, and the systematic attempt by terror to solve a global problem by killing the leaders of artificial destabilization of the administrative apparatus, general deterrence, and others. To date, the greatest concern is the phenomenon of terrorism that has engulfed the entire world space. Terrorism has a negative impact on economic and financial stability of the state, reduces its investment appeal, affects all spheres of society. Terrorism is the global factor of international politics is becoming a global problem of the present, the consequences of its impact on the world community acquired apocalyptic features, and solution turned into a blatant political, economic and geo-strategic struggle for world domination, the real customers and entities which are still unnamed «[ 6]. The term «terrorism» comes from the Latin word «terror», denoting fear, terror and has no clear content. Terrorism — a complex socio-political and criminal phenomenon, caused by internal and external contradictions of social development, which is a multidimensional threat to the vital interests of the individual, society and state.
PROBLEMS OF RESEARCH AND USE OF MICROOBJECTS AS EVIDENCE IN A CRIMINAL CASE
Authors: Makogon, Irina Viktorovna; Kosareva, Lyudmila Viktorovna
Keywords: micro-objects, preliminary study, evidence, methods, specialist, special knowledge, conclusion
In modern conditions the organization of investigation of crimes, the definition of the scope and sequence to address legal and tactical tasks, the principal employed for this purpose means and methods in the conditions of information uncertainty, practitioners need to be clear about the methodology (technology) for detection, collection and preliminary studies of micro-objects in disclosing and investigation of crimes.
ESPECIALLY THE STUDY AND DESCRIPTION OF PHYSICAL APPEARANCE TO SOLVE FORENSIC CHALLENGES
Author: Samoilov, Alexander Yurievich
Keywords: criminalistic, signs of appearance, verbal description, expert, special knowledge
The article deals with some theoretical background the possibility of using information about the characteristics of a person»s appearance, forms and methods of its production and use in the practice of disclosing and investigation of crimes.
• An object of research — laws of reflection characteristics and properties of man for a variety of media, methods of obtaining and using this information in search of the perpetrator of the crime-obviousness.
• The research objective study is to analyze the theory and practice of finding the person who committed the crime, the development on this basis of scientific and practical recommendations for the use of the results of studies and assessments and proposals for improving the work of internal Affairs bodies in this direction.
• the method or methodology of work made General scientific methods such as statistics, observation, measurement, description, comparison and others. The methodology of the research is the theory of criminalistic diagnostics, modeling, summarizing the investigation and expert practice, as well as a review of the current state of the studied issues in criminological literature.
• results of work can be useful to the theory of criminalistics and law-enforcement practice;
• scope of results: development of new approaches to dealing with the exterior signs using forensic methods and tools;
• conclusions the need for generalizations, summarize information about the characteristics of appearance in the process of gathering and fixing.
CIVIL LEGAL CATEGORIES, ADVANTAGE AND BUSINESS REPUTATION AS OBJECTS OF JUDICIAL PROTECTION
Author: Kucherenko, Denis Sergeevich
Keywords: honor, dignity, business reputation, particular qualities of some civil cases consideration
The article is dedicated to the topical problems connected to the law reforming, the legal nature and some key peculiarities of lawsuits connected with honor, dignity and business reputation protection. The analysis of several questions conjoined with the content of a right to honor, dignity and business reputation protection is also given. The purpose of work is to define and to reveal substantive features of the categories «honour», « dignity» and «business reputation». The mission of the article is to reveal problems of above-stated concepts» semantic filling, to establish the filling of the terms as objects of judicial activity, to offer reforms of the current legislation acts. According to a subject and object the research is based on a complex of general scientific and private and scientific methods (system, logicial, statistical, of the content analysis, concrete and sociological research, expert estimates, etc.). The results of the research can be applied while forming the new procedural code for overcoming of legislation gaps and formation of accurate legal definitions of the specified non-material benefits. Application of these results will allow procedural models» systematization and developing accurate recommendations for court practice unification.