Версия на русском языке
The full text of the journal
NATIONAL IDEAS, FEDERAL LAW, STATE DEVELOPMENT
Author: Vishnyakov, Viktor G
Keywords: национальная цель, Президент, Правительство, Конституция, Федерация, государственная служба, система государственного управления, органы исполнительной власти
the article considers the issue of three constituent parts of the Russian Federation: the federal level, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and municipal authorities under the conditions of the adoption of the Presidential Decree of May 18, 2019 “On National Goals and Strategic Tasks of the Russian Federation Development for the Period until 2025”. The article sets the task of considering this issue from the standpoint of increasing the role of the Russian state. The structure of both the system of government as a whole and the internal structure of the government are based on general principles (linear-functional, functional, program-oriented). Strengthening the integrity and unity of the state can be achieved only in close interconnection of all subjects of the executive branch. Numerous attempts in the 90s of the last century to create in the Russian Federation an “effective”, “optimal”, “rational” system of federal, regional, local executive state bodies in isolation from the entire system of government bodies were unsuccessful. Although the administrative reform of 2002-2010 was carried out more systematically, it constantly changed direction and goals under the influence of the political situation. And also did not give tangible results.
The integrity problem is considered, as in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, with reference to the Russian state. It is within the framework of legal science that the problems of public administration, administrative, financial, tax, international law have been studied and are being studied. Unfortunately, Russian constitutional lawyers have almost completely become liberals since the beginning of the 1990s, which affected the contents of the 1993 Constitution. In it in the first place is the obligation of the state to recognize, observe and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. But it is well known that these rights and freedoms are ensured and realized throughout the world by a developed, efficiently functioning and holistic system of state administration. However, the Constitution does not contain articles on public administration, as well as the concepts of “governance”, “power”, “submission”, “responsibility”, etc.
TRANSFORMATION OF LEGAL TECHNOLOGIES IN TERMS OF DITITALIZATION
Author: Zaloilo, Maksim Viktorovich
Keywords: юридические технологии, правовой мониторинг, оценка фактического воздействия, оценка регулирующего воздействия, регуляторная гильотина, регуляторные песочницы
In article on the example of legal technologies used for “life cycle” of a normative legal act: legal monitoring, assessment of the actual impact of normative legal act and legal experiment, shows their transformation in the conditions of formation and development of the digital economy. The article analyzes the reform of legislation in the field of mandatory requirements, carried out through the implementation of the regulatory guillotine mechanism. The article was prepared with the financial support of the RFBR, scientific project 18-29-16219 “Novation of the law-making and law enforcement mechanisms in the conditions of the digital technologies» development”.
THE SPIRITUAL, MORAL, LEGAL AND PENITENTIARY METHODS OF THE MENTAL HEALING AND PERSONAL TRANSFIGURATION OF THE CRIMINALS
Author: Osipian, Boris A
Keywords: причины совершения преступлений, разные средства предотвращения и пресечения преступлений, духовно-нравственное и правовое преображение души преступника
In this article the author by means of consideration of the main reasons for commission of various crimes offers concrete spiritual, moral, legal and corrective ways for the prevention of crimes at different (ideological, legislative, judicial, procedural, penitentiary, probation) levels and stages of the general crime control in Russia.
TYPES OF WORKING TIME: CONTINUITY AND NOVELTY
Author: Andrianovskaya, Irina Ivanovna
Keywords: продолжительность рабочего времени, виды рабочего времени, нормальное, сокращённое, неполное рабочее время
This article discusses the types of working hours fixed in the Labor Code of the Russian Federation. Based on the analysis of successive and new rules governing relations for the establishment of working hours, the inaccuracies made by the legislator in formulating norms on the types of working hours are shown. In order to improve the legal regulation of labor relations related to the establishment and use of working time, it is proposed to make a number of changes to chapter 15 of section IV “Working hours” of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation.
THE MАТЕRNAL (FAMILY) CAPITAL AND SIMILAR PAYMENTS AS LEGAL MECHANISMS TO STIMULATE FERTILITY IN THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION (EAEU) STATES
Author: Guseva, Tatyana Sergeevna
Keywords: Евразийский экономический союз (ЕАЭС), демография, рождаемость, социальное обеспечение, материнский (семейный) капитал, семейный капитал
The article is devoted to the study of the content of maternal (family) capital and similar payments in the EAEU countries, which are characterized by a natural population decline and there is an acute problem of its reproduction (Russia, Belarus, Armenia). An analysis of the legal regulation revealed the similarities and differences of these payments and made suggestions for improving legislation.
DEFECTS OF THE LEGISLATION ON THE CONTRACT SYSTEM: CIVIL LAW AND LABOR ASPECTS
Authors: Zhiltsov, Miron Aleksandrovich; Zhelomeeva, Natalya Vladimirovna
Keywords: дефекты, законодательство, контрактный, система, трудоправовой, гражданскоправовой, аспект
The article deals with the defects of the legislation of the contract system based on the analysis of normative legal acts. It is considered the problems of compliance of the principles of openness and transparency of information, excessive clutter of the system with normative legal acts, their inconsistency with each other, excessive regulation. The authors give examples of insufficient of legal regulation of the contract system and propose solutions to these problems.
In judicial practice, questions arise about the appropriateness of conferring on certain contract service employees rights and obligations that were not provided for initially when concluding an employment contract. The authors of the article consider various legal situations and legal positions of courts on this issue.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE INSTITUTE OF ARBITRATION MANAGER IN RUSSIA AND ITS STATUS AT THE BANKRUPT OF CREDIT ORGANIZATIONS
Author: Protopopova, Irina Andreevna
Keywords: публичный законный интерес, частный законный интерес, границы реализации частных законных интересов в трудовом праве, баланс интересов
The article is devoted to the correlation of legitimate interests in the world of work. The author characterizes the private and public legitimate interests within the framework of labor law and determines their relationship, taking into account the special status of the employee and employer. It is concluded that the realization of the private legitimate interests of the employee and the employer is possible only within the boundaries established by public legitimate interests. The author points out that the balance of interests in the world of work is established due to the sufficient protection by the state of the interests of the employee and the restriction of freedom of the employer. The balance of interests in the article is defined as the result of legal regulation and application of labor law. Using the example of judicial practice, the author comes to the conclusion that the balance of interests can be restored by judicial interpretation of the rule of law.
TO THE QUESTION OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL LEGAL FORM OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
Author: Putilo, Natalya Vasilievna
Keywords: социальное государство, образовательные организации, образовательная деятельность, социальная сфера, социальные услуги
The article provides a legal assessment of the effectiveness of educational organizations in the provision of social services to the population through the prism of their organizational and legal forms (commercial and non-profit organizations) and in the comparative legal aspect, taking into account the experience of foreign countries (Czech Republic, USA, China, Armenia, etc. )
It is concluded that in the Russian Federation the current volume of “admission” of commercial structures to educational activities in the framework of the implementation of the social functions of the state and, accordingly, the guarantees set forth in Art. 7 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation is sufficient taking into account the dynamics of post-Soviet regulation and the current state of Russian society and legislation.
THE UNITY AND CONTRADICTIONS OF ECOLOGICAL AND OTHER FACTORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Author: Bogolyubov, Sergey Alexandrovich
Keywords: социальный характер природопользования, Земельный, Водный и Лесной кодексы, экономика, перспективы устойчивого развития, федеральные законы, борьба единства и противоречий, правовая система, благополучие граждан
the concept of «sustainable development» has firmly entered the fabric of Russian and foreign legislation and international law. The multidimensionality of its use involves the study of environmental, social, economic factors of sustainable development, the specification of legal regulation. Understanding, reflection in the legislation of their unity and inconsistency determines the success of further stable development of the country.
SOME TYPICAL MISTAKES OF THE FORENSIC LAND SURVEY EXPERTISE
Author: Vasin, Daniil Yu
Keywords: эксперт, судебная экспертология, судебная экспертиза, материалы для производства судебной экспертизы, превышение полномочий эксперта, компетенция эксперта, заключение эксперта, экспертное исследование, земельные отношения, земельный спор, судебная землеустроительная экспертиза, границы земельных участков, фактические границы, местоположение границы, определение границ земельных участков
The article identifies the problem of the quality of forensic land surveying, reveals some typical errors that arise in the production of forensic land surveying, proposes ways to solve the problem.
PROBLEMS OF STATE REGISTRATION OF RESTRICTIONS ON LAND RIGHTS: THEORETICAL ASPECT
Authors: Vafin, Vladimir Vadimovich; Zolotova, Olesya Alexandrovna
Keywords: земельные участки, государственная земельная политика, ограничения прав на землю, государственная регистрация прав на землю, зоны с особыми условиями использования территорий
The article analyzes the current legislation on the state registration of rights to real estate and the practice of its application, identifies some features of the state registration of restrictions on land rights in order to identify legislative gaps, generalization of judicial practice and development of proposals to improve the legal regulation in this area.
As a result of the conducted research it is established that the current legislation on registration of the rights divided concepts «restriction of the rights» and «encumbrance of property», however, didn»t specify in what distinctions, including in their state registration consist. Studied the limitations of land rights, it is established that registration subject only to SOIT and reservation of lands for public needs. It was revealed that information about restrictions on rights and information about SOIT shall be entered in different parts of the egrn, however, the list of information about SOFT much wider list of information about the limitations of land rights. The analysis showed that information on encumbrances of real estate, and not on restrictions of the rights is brought in EGRN.
SOME QUESTIONS OF THE SYSTEM OF LEGAL REGULATION OF RATIONAL USE AND PROTECTION OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS
Author: Ibragimov, Curie
Keywords: земли сельскохозяйственного назначения, правовое регулирование, земельное законодательство, земельно-правовые нормы и правоотношения, охрана земель, рациональное использование земель, система, системный подход, жизненный цикл, юридическая догматика
The article deals with some issues of systemic legal regulation of rational use and protection of agricultural land. The objective grounds of the system approach in the development of legislation on legal regulation of rational use and protection of agricultural land are given. It is proposed to consider land and legal relations in close connection with legal phenomena arising, on the one hand, in the General social environment, on the other, in the field of legal regulation of the use and protection of natural objects in contact with this category of land, and the environment as a whole. It is shown that the life cycle of land law is a test of their effectiveness, an indicator of the level of their optimal «involvement» in the system. Often introduced in the Land code of the Russian Federation and other land regulations changes, especially the abolition of previously adopted legal norms indicate the limitations of their life cycle, low efficiency of their development, insufficient technology of lawmaking, the lack of consideration of the multifaceted links of land legal norms with other neighboring environmental-legal and other legal norms.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL ORIENTATION IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT: ISSUES OF THEORY AND PRACTICE
Author: Postavnaya, Natalia P
Keywords: принципы, градостроительная деятельность, законодательное регулирование, защита природной среды, органы публичной власти, юридическая ответственность
The article analyzes the principles of urban development of a social and environmental focus. The influence of the principles on the improvement of general approaches to the legislative regulation of urban development, taking into account environmental legislation. Based on the materials of judicial practice, the application of the norms of the current legislation aimed at protecting the environment in the implementation of urban planning is analyzed. The problems of the implementation of the principle of legal liability of public authorities for violation of the norms of urban planning legislation are investigated.
ENVIRONMENTAL AND LEGAL REFORMS IN RUSSIA
Author: Shelomentsev, Vitaly Nikolaevich
Keywords: экология, экологические национальные проекты, твердые бытовые отходы, газомоторное топливо, экологически чистые продукты питания
The article analyzes the environmental directions of the annual address of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly, which pays great attention to the internal environmental state of the country, as well as the implementation of national environmental projects.
REVIEW OF PARLIAMENTARY HEARINGS «ON THE PROSPECTS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSBOUNDARY BIOSPHERE RESERVES» (14 JUNE 2019, VITEBSK REGION, REPUBLIC OF BELARUS)
Author: Pozdnyakova, Elena Aleksandrovna
Keywords: парламентские слушания, биосферные резерваты, социально-экономическое развитие, Союзное государство, туристический комплекс, направления сотрудничества, особо охраняемые природные территории
within the framework of the parliamentary hearings, the researches of scientists of different directions devoted to the transboundary biosphere reserves were presented. The participants of the hearings agreed on the need to create such a reserve within the Union state of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus with the subsequent submission of an application to UNESCO. At the same time, the presence of the already existing positive joint experience of our States in cooperation within the framework of legislation on specially protected natural areas was emphasized.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE BELARUSIAN-RUSSIAN SYSTEM OF TRANSBOUNDARY PROTECTED AREAS: IS IT AN END IN ITSELF OR A PLATFORM FOR SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC COOPERATION OF STATES?
Authors: Grummo, D.G.; Ershov, D.V.
Keywords: ООПТ, биосферные резерваты, трансграничные территории, Рамсарские угодья, национальный парк «Смоленское Поозерье
The report discusses the strategy and perspective areas of scientific, technical and socio-economic cooperation in the Belarusian-Russian transboundary specially protected natural areas.
ON THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE ZAPOVEDNOE POOZERYE NATURE CONSERVATION AREA INTO A UNESCO (MAB) BIOSPHERE TRANSBOUNDARY RESERVE
Author: Kuzmin, Saweliy I
Keywords: природоохранная территория, биосферный трансграничный резерват, программа ЮНЕСКО «Человек и биосфера, заказники, национальный парк, природное и культурное разнообразие, устойчивое развитие, исследования, мониторинг
The article suggests a mechanism for transforming the conservation area located within the transboundary region of Belarus and Russia into a UNESCO biosphere transboundary reserve. The article presents the necessary steps and measures to implement such a transformation.